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Old March 18th, 2004, 04:56 PM
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Default VLCD sites

I would like to educate myself about VLCD. Could someone please share
and post any good sites/links they might have? I googled, but I just got
either spam or broad general references. :-(

Thanks; Marty.

Old March 21st, 2004, 11:14 AM
bicker 2003
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Default VLCD sites

On Thu, 18 Mar 2004 11:56:10 -0500 (EST), wrote:
I would like to educate myself about VLCD. Could someone please share
and post any good sites/links they might have? I googled, but I just got
either spam or broad general references. :-(

Obes Res 2001 Nov;9 Suppl 4:295S-301S

Very-low-calorie diets and sustained weight loss.

Saris WH.

Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institue Maastricht, Maastricht
University, The Netherlands.

OBJECTIVE: To review of the literature on the topic of
very-low-calorie diets (VLCDs) and the long-term weight-maintenance
success in the treatment of obesity.

RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A literature search of the following
keywords: VLCD, long-term weight maintenance, and dietary treatment of

RESULTS: VLCDs and low-calorie diets with an average intake between
400 and 800 kcal do not differ in body weight loss. Nine randomized
control trials, including VLCD treatment with long-term weight
maintenance, show a large variation in the initial weight loss regain
percentage, which ranged from -7% to 122% at the 1-year follow-up to
26% to 121% at the 5-year follow-up. There is evidence that a greater
initial weight loss using VLCDs with an active follow-up
weight-maintenance program, including behavior therapy, nutritional
education and exercise, improves weight maintenance.

CONCLUSIONS: VLCD with active follow-up treatment seems to be one of
the better treatment modalities related to long-term
weight-maintenance success.


Am J Clin Nutr 2001 Nov;74(5):579-84

Long-term weight-loss maintenance: a meta-analysis of US studies.

Anderson JW, Konz EC, Frederich RC, Wood CL.

VA Medical Center, Graduate Center for Nutritional Sciences,
University of Kentucky Health Management Resources Weight Management
Program, Lexington, KY, USA.

BACKGROUND: Current perception is that participants of a structured
weight-loss program regain all of their weight loss within 5 y.

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine the long-term weight-loss
maintenance of individuals completing a structured weight-loss
program. DESIGN: Studies were required to 1) have been conducted in
the United States, 2) have included participants in a structured
weight-loss program, 3) have provided follow-up data with variance
estimates for or =2 y. Primary outcome variables were weight-loss
maintenance in kilograms, weight-loss maintenance as a percentage of
initial weight loss, and weight loss as a percentage of initial body
weight (reduced weight).

RESULTS: Twenty-nine studies met the inclusion criteria. Successful
very-low-energy diets (VLEDs) were associated with significantly
greater weight-loss maintenance than were successful hypoenergetic
balanced diets (HBDs) at all years of follow-up. The percentage of
individuals at 4 or 5 y of follow-up for VLEDs and HBDs were 55.4% and
79.7%, respectively. The results for VLEDs and HBDs, respectively,
were as follows: weight-loss maintenance, 7.1 kg (95% CI: 6.1, 8.1 kg)
and 2.0 (1.5, 2.5) kg; percentage weight-loss maintenance, 29% (25%,
33%) and 17% (13%, 22%); and reduced weight, 6.6% (5.7%, 7.5%) and
2.1% (1.6%, 2.7%). Weight-loss maintenance did not differ
significantly between women and men. Six studies reported that groups
who exercised more had significantly greater weight-loss maintenance
than did those who exercised less.

CONCLUSIONS: Five years after completing structured weight-loss
programs, the average individual maintained a weight loss of 3 kg and
a reduced weight of 3% of initial body weight. After VLEDs or weight
loss of or =20 kg, individuals maintained significantly more weight
loss than after HBDs or weight losses of 10 kg.


¤bicker¤ 263/163
BP: 130/80 - 100/60
See web site for Total Cholesterol: 256-200
before and after photos. Waist: 46 - 34
http://brianandrobbie.com BF%: 39% - 16%

Old March 23rd, 2004, 04:00 AM
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Default VLCD sites

Thank you for the very informative post.

Take Care; Marty


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